According to wikipedia, the human brain is the central organ of the nervous system which controls most of the activties of the body processing, integrating, and coordinating the information it receives from the sense organs and making decisions as to the instructions sent to the rest of the body.
However, there are negative habits that can harm the brain. Many of these habits are being neglected and seen as normal but may have long term and possibly fatal consequences. By the way a few of these bad habits will be mentioned in this article.
Lack of sleep: Sleep is important to the brain and research has shown that it helps nerve cells communicate with each other and also help the body to stay active even while asleep.
However, depriving yourself of sleep could make you moody and irritable, cause impairment of brain functions such as decision making and can also weaken your immune system and become susceptible to disease. Therefore, it is advised by medical experts that you need 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night for the brain to function at it best
Dehydration: Low water level could cause our brain cells to malfunction leading to cognitive problems. Which means that the brain is working harder than normal to complete a task. Therefore it is advised by the national academies of sciences, engineering and medicine that men should take at least 3.7 litres of fluid daily and women should take at least 2.7 litres daily.
Stress: This has a shrinking effect on the area of the brain responsible for memory and learning.It could change the brain’s function down to the level of your DNA which you wouldn’t even know its happening. Chronic stress could also lead to other health problems such as high blood pressur, heart disease, obesity and diabetes.
Lack of mental exercise and simulations: Mental exercise is the structured use of cognitive techniques to improve specific brain functions. Examples of mental exercises are; having fun with puzzles, playing video games, learning a new skill, building your vocabulary e.t.c. Lacking these aforementioned could lead to dementia; a decline in the brain’s capacity to store and process information.
High sugar consumption: Researchers at the university of California found that fructose which is present in soft drinks and sweets damages brain cell and can lead to a wide range of disease such as diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and heart diseases. A single instance of elevated glucose in the bloodstream can be harmful to the brain, resulting in slow cognitive function and deficits in memory and attention.
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